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Book Summary:How life imitates Chess-concluded

How life Imitates Chess By Gary Kasparov

  • Only a leader can see around can see around the corner.
  • While innovation is risky, not innovating is riskier and one must make a transition from imitator or innovator. The Japanese did this with American goods. The Koreans and Taiwanese are doing the same to Japanese

The Will to Attack.
  • All skills and preparations are useless without the gut to attack. Be prepared to strike first. The first strike is more artistry and guesswork than skill. There is no indicator for the time to attack. At this time, one must ignore assumptions, underestimation and overestimation of the opponent.
  • It is worse to ignore an opportunity than to make a bad move.
Question Success
  • Success is often an enemy of future success. Satisfaction can destroy vision of the future.
  • Winning deludes one that things are going well. We do not ponder when we win.
  • We must train to do better even when we win.
Competition and Complacency
  • Constant reinvention is a must in all industry.
  • Playing your own best game without regard to your opponent's strategy can be disastrous.
  • We perform our best in the midst of competition.
  • Seek out the best competition for you.
  • Benchmarks are essential for us to maintain our high standards.
  • Nurture your inherent advantages but be open to new techniques.
  • "Before you can fight, you must know what you are fighting for."
In favor of Contradiction
  • No one enjoys being contradicted. A leader who is open to success can achieve dramatic success.
  • You learn more from losses from better opponents than from any results gained from opponents who play at your level.
  • "You must find the balance between competition and correction"
  • "Loose as much as you can take it."
  • Invite criticism and evaluate your techniques. They could lead to dramatic improvements in your game.
The inner game
  • Results can sometimes be a foregone conclusion.
  • Getting back on your feet after a devastation is not easy. However, the successful come back with renewed wisdom and motivation.
  • Winning requires a strong psychology.
  • Nervous energy can be ammunition before a battle.
  • Creative energy can be felt even by your opponent.
  • Mental muscles wear out from lack of use. It is time to worry when things seem too easy for a while.
  • Defeat can also lead to more defeat. The metal game is at work here again.
  • It makes no sense in believing that failure now will lead to success later.
  • We must focus on results and sometimes abandon our blind beliefs.
  • Question your approach and abandon your ego when necessary.
  • Only in an ideal world will you get what you are entitled to. When you belive you are entitled to get something you may be closer to loosing it.
  • Results come down to the best moves and decisions.
  • Decision build on our personality.
  • The inner game is the game.
Man vs. Machine
  • Machines are free of prejudices and preconceptions.
  • Computers make linear decisions and do not 'think' long term. This was true until Deeper Blue defeated Kasparov.
  • How it did so is a controversial subject Kasparov covers at length.
  • In advanced chess, using a computer can be invaluable in analyzing a player's mindset throughout the game.
  • It is better to stretch ourselves out of our comfort zones. We grow when we nervously push ourselves beyond our presupposed limits.
  • We may be able to get better at what we do by getting better at things we do not do.
  • "Experience is not what happens to a man, but what a man does with what happens to him."
  • Intuition is a byproduct of our experience. Even the vaguest of hunches is based on knowledge from the past.
  • Sometimes more time and more technology can diminish our intuitions. If you want to succeed, you must brave the risk of failure.
  • Intuition tells us what, when and how.
  • Intuition tells us when the law of diminishing returns begins to activate.
Spotting Trends
  • Nobody knows for sure when a change is a trend and it is usually too late.
  • It is worthwhile to look to the past to do trend spotting.
  • What makes a trend new? What makes it different from the last time?
One Single Moment
  • It is harder to find out if there is a problem than to solve a given problem.
  • Knowing a solution is at hand is an advantage.
  • In a multiple choice exam, the most intimidating answer is "None of the above".
  • Crisis and moments of conflict can create opportunities.
  • In the midst of pressure, it is hardest to maintain it. the temptation to make a decision is strong.
End Game
  • Kasparov resigned from playing Chess. He moved on to writing and politics, choosing to look for new challenges.
  • The Kremlin is now closer to dictatorship, says Kasparov.
  • He goes onto say that, if left unchecked, the regime could let Russia degenerate into a military state.
  • On the other hand, if Putin's regime disintegrates, it could lead to total chaos.
  • WE HAVE TO BE WELL PREPARED, EVEN FOR VICTORY.

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